Application of sustainability in architectural design and its implications for health and the environment :
Application of sustainability in architectural design and its implications for health and the environment, Construction and building operations produce large amounts of solid waste and pollutants, energy waste and water depletion throughout the period of implementation and use, that the main challenge facing the urban sectors is the production of urban buildings with reduced energy consumption, management of resources and natural materials, dependence on renewable energies, water conservation and waste management, which is not known With sustainable thought.
With the increase in awareness of the importance of sustainable architecture, a number of systems for evaluating sustainable buildings and setting standards and requirements to be met in sustainable buildings have emerged, and ways to achieve the principles of sustainability in architectural and urban design for them to be the nucleus of influence in society towards urban development and a sustainable environment and raise the level of environmental awareness through positive environmental practices.
Throughout history, mankind has tended to strengthen its relations with nature in order to preserve the continuity of its existence. This can be instinctively understood in an attempt to meet the basic human needs of natural resources.
This was also reflected in the sciences concerned with the relationship between humans and the environment and their mutual effects. Hence, the concept of nature-loving design (biofilm) has emerged as one of the modern trends in the field of design, which deals with the relationship between man and the built environment, and aims to improve the health of individuals within the internal voids and put the design related to the history and culture of society. The biofilm design carries two important dimensions to achieve it, among the most important It is after colloquial design or design based on time and space, a term referring to products or spaces where culture, environment, and history intersect to create meaning for a place. Vernacular design is also a term related to vernacular architecture and a product of increasing awareness in recent times. Vernacular architecture is an architecture that reflects the environmental, cultural conditions and the historical context in which it was found.
Although linked to tradition, it can be considered a modern art, as it provides alternatives to current architectural practices that are a matter of debate regarding the energy crisis and sustainability, and has become a cause of curiosity and architectural ethnographic interest. It became clear through the study presented in the research that vernacular design has a strong relationship to sustainability because it does not exhaust local resources, understands the environment surrounding a person and strengthens its relationship with it, as it respects the historical and human dimension of societies. Therefore, the concept of vernacular design will be shed in this research and monitored and analyzed Its creative and productive operations in vernacular architecture through the premise that applying the principles and features of vernacular design, may make important contributions in the field of formal design in the interior spaces to become a starting point for producing designs more committed to culture, customs and localities and to achieve principles Overall sustainability.
Historically, people built shelters from locally available materials that reflect the regional environment in which they live, and the functional form of these buildings was only a response to topography and the environmental climate, that the increased interest in achieving the principles of sustainability and its continuity was accompanied by a development in directions of sustainability that included the relationship between man and the environment and influence The mutual between them, and this is not only an interest in the human impact on the environment, but also the positive impact of the environment on the human being materially and morally, hence the trend of nature-loving design (BiophilicDesign) emerged as an important dimension to achieving sustainability.
It is a modern term that examines how to provide a general framework for the relationship between humans and the environment, and aims to improve the health of individuals within the built environment and put the design in line with the history and culture of society.
The biofilm design carries an important dimension related to the new directions of sustainability in all its meanings and concepts.
We also mention that our architectural office (Ibrahim Jawharji Architects) has applied sustainability in its architectural designs and its implications for health and the environment, it is the spontaneous compatibility linked with the environment and the efficient exploitation of natural environment sources in the architectural design of our architectural projects and its implications for health and the environment in the society in which we live and present the architectural style in KSA.