Architectural style in the city of Manhattan New York United States of America
The architectural style in the city of Manhattan is one of the most famous areas of New York City in the United States of America. It is located on a downtown island at the mouth of the Hudson River, which includes two main centers for tall buildings: Central Manhattan and Lower Manhattan, each with its distinctive skyline. The architectural style in the attractive city of Manhattan, which is a high-rise, as many commercial and residential areas, has been transformed from low-rise to high-rise and has collected one of the largest and most famous groups of skyscrapers in the world.
Midtown Manhattan, the world’s largest commercial district, is home to popular buildings like Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Citigroup Center, and Rockefeller Center.
Lower Manhattan is the third-largest commercial area in the United States (after the Midtown episode and Chicago) The lower Manhattan area has been marked by the presence of the Twin Towers in the World Trade Center since its completion in 1973 until its destruction in the September 11, 2001 attacks.
In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the lower Manhattan area experienced reconstruction to include the new World Trade Center.
The downtown skyline has received new designs from architects such as Santiago Calatrava and Frank Gehry. In 2010, a 43-story tower 749 feet (228 meters) tall was built and named (200 West Street) by Goldman Sachs across the street from the World Trade Center site.
Manhattan has an important architectural style spanning distinct historical and cultural periods, including the Woolworth Building, a Gothic skyscraper, with extensive Gothic architectural details. In 1916 a decision was made to divide the areas that are experiencing new urbanization with its high style, which led to a setback in the new buildings launched and restricted the construction of tall towers due to allowing sunlight to reach the streets, and reflected the design of Art Deco for the Chrysler Building (1930) and the Empire State Building (1931) ), With pointed peaks and steel towers, zoning requirements.
Many historians and architects consider the Chrysler Building one of the most prestigious buildings in New York, with distinctive decoration such as the inclusion of V-shaped lighting covered with steel threads on the tower crown.
The architectural style of New York Manhattan for residential neighborhoods is dominated by the character of the largely residential neighborhood with its elegant small houses of brownstone, and recently includes less densely populated neighborhoods and their homes are characterized as stand-alone. It usually consists of one or two families, for example in the Flushing region.
One of Manhattan’s favorite building materials is stone and brick after the house-building style had a wooden frame and the flooring of the rooms were planks of rice from the thousand-year-old Yakushima Island (it is now illegal to harvest Yakushima forests) but this style soon became limited In the aftermath of the fires. New York gets its building stone from a network of remote quarries, and its stone buildings are distinguished by a group of textures and shapes. There is a distinctive feature of many Manhattan buildings that are the presence of water towers installed on the ceiling. The city required its installation in the nineteenth century on buildings higher than six floors to prevent the need for water pressure is too high for low altitudes which may explode municipal water pipes.
The famous federal style that Manhattan relies on for its architectural designs is characterized by elegant columns and aberrations, a drop and slope, the entrance next to the facade of the house, the Flemish brick construction, six windows or more (six glass panels in the lower and upper sash of each) and perhaps this is one of the most well-known achievements of architecture at that time.
One of the famous buildings of Manhattan and considered to be a luxurious architectural style is the Citigroup Center, a 59-story office tower located on 53rd Street and Lexington Street in downtown Manhattan. It is considered one of the most important skyscrapers. The stunning design of the heavily sloping roof and the elegant aluminum-clad facade and its base on four pillars above a church on site also made the skyscraper an attractive architectural icon. The sloping surface includes mechanical and building ventilation systems. Designers settled on an aluminum-clad facade to reduce the burden on the building-based weight and support structures since its full weight would be supported by the pillars.
The Time Warner Center is a mixed-use skyscraper in Columbus Circle on the west side of Manhattan. It was the first large building to be completed since the September 11 attacks.
Conde Nast Building, officially four Times Square, is a modern skyscraper on Times Square in central Manhattan and one of the most important examples of green design in skyscrapers in the United States. It works with a coolant system to absorb environmentally friendly gases, in addition to a high-performance curtain wall, insulation, and shading, in addition to that the building does not need to heat or cool for most of the year and office furniture is made of biodegradable and non-toxic materials. The air delivery system saves 50% more air than required by New York City Building Law and a number of recycling bins serve the entire building. Being the first project of its size with these construction features, the building received an award from the American Institute of Architects as well as the state of AIA in New York.
A stunning architectural style in Manhattan city, the Hearst Tower, located in downtown Manhattan on 300 West 57th Street is another example of the new breed of green skyscrapers in New York City. Made of glass and steel located on the base of the original Hearst Corporation building in the 1920s. The Hearst Tower is easily recognized by the intricate, dramatic triple glass panels designed by British engineer Lord Norman Foster. Hurst Tower is also the first skyscraper in New York City to get the prestigious LEED Gold rating from the U.S. Green Building Council.