Climate impact on architectural elements :
Climate impact on architectural elements, The climate is one of the elements that affect the architecture and its elements, and we see this effect clearly in the forms of architecture that differ among them according to the nature of the climate in the area surrounding the buildings, he imposed his control on the architecture and the ways of creating different buildings, we will address in this article the meaning of climate, and the extent of its impact on architecture.
What does climate mean?
Climate is a word that denotes the temperature and weather conditions that belong to a particular region, and the climate is divided into a holistic climate, which indicates the weather conditions of a specific region or country, and a partial climate, which refers to the meteorology of a particular place, and these climate conditions are the temperature Humidity, wind, rain, and radiation.
The climate is one of the environmental elements surrounding the buildings from the outside, and from the inside, which confirms the need to study the climate in the area and walk with it to avoid standing up to it and dealing with its bad effects.
It can be controlled to obtain a better result when the construction is completed.
Climate impact on architectural elements:
The climate is one of the influences that determine the forms of construction, and its methods. We find many climatic regions that control the climate in the architecture of their buildings, where temperatures are one of the main determinants of choosing building elements and building design, so there is no difference between the human body and the building in dealing with the external environment and elements Surrounding, the exterior of the building is in control of the heat exchange process with the environment and climate.
Consideration must be given to changing seasons that include a significant difference in temperature, which confirms the necessity of using methods that are appropriate for the building after identifying the different methods by which heat is acquired and lost, as heat loss and its flow can occur across walls, floors, or windows Or the bishop.
– The effect of climate on the roofs of buildings
Ceilings are one of the architectural elements affected by climate and temperatures, as the temperature inside the building depends on the external temperature and the amount of heat that can be leaked into the interior, which shows the importance of designing the roofs in a way that suits the climate and its conditions.
In areas characterized by low temperatures with low rainfall, we see very steep roofs, whereas areas that are characterized by abundant sunlight, the roof’s slope decreases slowly, and when reaching areas with high temperatures we see that the roofs are flat, and for areas that include a high rate of Precipitation The ceilings must be steep to keep the building from accumulating precipitation.
Climate impact on walls and windows:
Windows are affected by the nature of the prevailing climate in the region, which affects their areas and the shape of their openings, where we see a decrease in the ratio of the window area to the wall area near the equator, in warm areas we see a decrease in the size of windows, and in the tropics the forms of windows differ from others so that they can Keep up with the rise in temperatures.
– The effect of climate on building materials:
Materials that are suitable for the climate in the region must be chosen, as building materials affect the penetration of temperatures inside the building. Mineral materials are characterized by gaining heat very quickly, while brick and reinforced concrete materials retain heat for a long time while reducing the rate of heat gain over other materials. It also helps to leak a small amount of heat to the building, which makes it the best material used in construction, and in areas with high temperatures it is preferable to use mineral materials for the rapid loss of temperature.