School design standards
Designing and building schools is a basic national duty that states throughout the high-tech world care about. The building that embraces the environment that will educate and learn is a lofty task for the renaissance of education and the entire generation. And educational. On this topic, we will talk about school design standards.
The responsibility of building schools falls on 3 entities: the government, the designer and the implementer, and the government is the most important of these agencies. Its role is through building educational projects and its tasks: preparing feasibility studies for educational buildings and preparing the career and surveying program and funding and spending on projects and monitoring it so that it remains in The limits of the budgets set and approval of the method of construction. And the conclusion of contracts with the authorities based on engineering designs and implementation.
Governmental standards when designing schools:
Preventing industrial and natural hazards such as earthquakes, soil tests that will be built upon, specifications of structural structures, and protecting users from industrial accidents.
Comfort systems for building users, such as natural lighting, industrial lighting, and noise protection.
Energy saving, maintenance, operation, air pollution control, emissions of different gases, and remediation of contaminated soil.
Choose building materials, as these materials must be of good quality and subject to various structural and health tests.
Security and safety rules and regulations in which city planning rules are included and the necessity to follow urban plans approved by governments and building regulations of heights and bounces, as well as securing buildings against fire and alarms.
Health rules for adopting healthy habits, monitoring nutrition, fighting obesity, for example, and preventing dangerous games for students ’lives.
Apply the standards for the disabled in the buildings, including the educational building, what it contains, the surrounding area and what it contains.
Standards for the design and construction of parking lots.
The standards for how-to boards should be clear and comprehensive.
The architectural and engineering project for school buildings
The planning and design project is implemented in phases. The first and most important stages of this project are to determine the location of the school, whether in the city or in the village. Such as making sure of road safety and ease of traffic. As well as interest in securing car parks, whether for buses or the car of parents or teachers. This step does not take place according to the status of each school, but it takes place at the level of urban plans. Educational buildings are part of the urban components that affect the general planning of cities and villages.
Architecturally, a careful analysis of the problems posed by the architectural design of schools is carried out through five considerations:
- The relationship between school architecture and educational style,
- And the relationship between the architectural project and the educational project
- Designing educational buildings that lead to the development of construction methods on the one hand and the development of educational technologies on the other hand
- Finding a relationship between school spaces and the residents who live in the vicinity of the school,
- Taking into account economic, technical and spatial considerations.
School design standards are:
Flexible classroom educational arenas:
The necessity of the flexibility of the educational classes is one of the most important design standards. Educational activities require the adaptation of architectural spaces to suit all activities and to take into account the rehabilitation or change of the internal distribution of buildings and future expansions that educational buildings need over time. And taking into account the sound insulation among them to achieve the audio privacy of each educational group and provide them with tranquility, it can also provide mobile walls to achieve this flexibility and sound insulation at the same time as in the case of Los Angeles American schools.
In this field, the process of preserving the environment must be comprehensive for all sustainability criteria and combine all the criteria not only to reduce carbon emissions (achieve zero carbon level) but to apply all social, economic and environmental standards, and how these standards can contribute to enriching education, in some Schools today students can see the energy production or saving machines in the water by making large glass openings from which to view the machine rooms, and electronic boards are installed that record energy and water consumption and the rate of savings throughout the school day, and these trends are part of the process Ahlmyh.
In England, new school buildings should cut their carbon emissions by 60% than in previous schools, so that at the start of 2016 it fell to zero.
Read also: Design of banks
Participation in the design and construction of buildings:
There are a few architectural designs in which students and teachers participate that apply these standards, but research has proven that the involvement of young people in these designs makes teachers look at them in a different way, it raises the level of young people’s confidence in themselves and the perception of their abilities.
Involving users of educational buildings in designing or building them is no longer surprising in a number of countries, as designing buildings according to the desire of their users increases the efficiency of their spaces to achieve educational requirements, and makes them last more without making adjustments to them. It is also necessary today to see the success of the architectural work and the achievement of the desired innovations in the buildings as a product of a multidisciplinary team including the beneficiaries of the building services.
School project interaction with residents:
The neighborhoods and locations in which schools are built are sources of inspiration for the design of these schools, and the benefit of neighborhood residents for the services these buildings can provide to neighborhood residents and raise their knowledge level.
In Portugal, sports, cultural, and recreational classes and services attached to schools are used by neighborhood residents outside of school hours, and new schools may aim to provide employment opportunities for neighborhood residents, thereby contributing to the development of the neighborhood’s standard of living.
The standards we mentioned are among the most important design considerations for building schools that there are a number of other less important criteria such as methods of education outside of the classroom or outdoors, as well as standards for educational buildings with special programs and standards for design and interior furnishing for schools.