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Sanitation in ancient Rome

Sanitation in ancient Rome

Sanitation in ancient Rome,

Sanitation in ancient Rome, obtained from the Etruscans, was

It is very advanced compared to other ancient cities, providing water supply and sewerage services to the residents of Rome.

There were plenty of sewers, public toilets, bathrooms and other sanitation facilities, but diseases were still widespread.

The baths are known to symbolize “the wonderful sanitary conditions of Rome.”

Sanitation in ancient Rome

the date

It is estimated that the first sewers in ancient Rome were built around 500 BC by the Romans in imitation of the Etruscans.

These early drainage systems were underground canals created to drain rainwater that could wash away the topsoil.

Ditches have also been used to drain wetlands such as the Pontine Wetlands,

Underground canals were also used to drain wetland canals.

Drainage systems developed slowly and began primarily as a means of draining swamps and storm runoff.

Sanitation was intended primarily to remove surface drainage and groundwater,

The entire sewage system has not been improved,

It is an open channel that was later covered, largely until the arrival of one of the most famous sanitary artefacts of the ancient world, the Cloaca Hesse Maxima.

The largest Roman sewer was originally built to drain the lowlands surrounding the forum.

Some scientists believe that there is not enough evidence to accurately determine the effectiveness of Cloaca Maxima.

However, other scientists believe that 1 million pounds of human feces and water were transported through the Cloaca Maxima.

Other sewers were built in parallel with the development of Cloaca Maxima, many of which are interconnected.

The Greek writer Strabo, who lived from about 60 BC to 24 AD, praised the ingenuity of the Romans in his book Geography, writing:

The sewers in ancient Rome were covered with tightly inlaid stone vaults.

In some places there is space for hay wagons to pass through.

The amount of water entering the city through the canal is so large that the river,

So to speak, it flows through the city and the sewers.

Almost all homes have abundant water tanks, water pipes and sewers.

This means that the ancient Romans did not care much about the beauty of Rome because they were busy with other bigger and more necessary matters.

Around the year 100 AD, direct communications between homes and sewers began.

The Romans completed most of the sanitation infrastructure.

Sewage networks were extended throughout the city and were used as public toilets and some private toilets.

In addition to garbage dumps for homes not directly connected to sewers.

It was mainly wealthy people whose homes were connected to a sewage system

Through the drain located under the toilet extension.


The sewerage in ancient Rome was complicated and covered with stones, much like modern sewers.

The waste pumped from the toilets flows through a central channel into the main sewer system.

From there it flows into a nearby river or stream.

However, it was not uncommon for Romans to throw their garbage out their windows

On the street (at least according to Roman satirists).

However, Romanian waste management is admired for its innovations,

Rome’s 11 aqueduct systems provide Rome’s residents with water of varying quality, the best of which is intended for drinking.

Poor quality water was used in public bathrooms and toilets.

Toilet systems that expel feces with a stream of water have been found in many places,

Including the Roman fortress Housesteads on Hadrian’s Wall, Pompeii, and Herculaneum.

Sanitation in ancient Rome

Health effects

There were plenty of sewers, public toilets and bathrooms

and other sanitation facilities in ancient Rome,

But diseases were still widespread.

Most of the dwellings were not connected to road drains or sewers.

Some apartment buildings (islands) may have had toilets and fountains on the ground floor.

But that did not prevent the residents of the upper floor from throwing their garbage into the street.

There was no street cleaning service in Rome.

Because of this, disease spread through the neighborhood, and the baths are known to symbolize “excellent Roman hygiene.”

Toilets have been found in many places, including baths, fortresses, and the Colosseum.

After defecation, the Romans would wipe their bodies with a sponge called a tesorium.

Everyone who uses the toilet may participate, or some people may bring their own sponge.

To clean the sponge, I used a bucket of water and salt or vinegar to wash it,

This became a breeding ground for bacteria, causing the disease to spread in the toilet.

It is common that the Romans used to attach a sponge to a stick (for anal hygiene) and soak it in vinegar after defecation.

But this practice has only been proven once.

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