Architectural Design Fixed Job:

Architectural Design Fixed Job: What is meant by the fixed-function in architectural design?

The functional and fixed theory in architectural design is the benefit and is considered the basis for starting the architectural work and one of the most important influences on it and this function is directed to the shape that desires the job, as the architectural form is not correct unless it is designed to link between the shape and the function for which the architecture was designed. Thus, the job is considered the primary and internal motive for the emergence of the appropriate form.


* Definition of the fixed (functional) theory of architectural design:

It is an intellectual and scientific theory that evaluates architectural design in terms of form, performance, and efficiency. The owner of this theory was a French architect and he set principles:

1- Using columns to lift buildings off the ground.

2- Car parking lots by exploiting the spaces under the buildings.

3- Clarifying modern and advanced technologies in the form of construction.

4- Apply the logic in the work in terms of simplicity and technique in form, through working at low costs.


Principles of fixed position in architectural design:

Focus on the benefit.

Focus on rigidity and durability in design.

Simplicity in design, as beauty and simplicity are the outcomes of achieving the fixed-function in architectural design.

Architectural design stages:

1- Collecting information and data related to the building to be constructed.

2- Defining the shape and the general idea of ​​the design as a preliminary form.

3- Development from design then final design.


After that, the design will be done in reality through 3 steps …

– Collecting the necessary information in the implementation of the project on the ground.

– Implementation and then evaluation of the project that was created.

Architectural design: It is considered the first step in the work of the architect as it divides the area to be built, exploiting the voids, using the appropriate architectural elements, collecting elements from the environment and placing them in a specific configuration to benefit from them clearly.

How to design an architectural project:

1- Knowing the environment in which the project is built.

2- Study the requirements of the architectural project and the problems that might be exposed to it through, determining the main idea of ​​the architectural design.

3- Create a balanced group consisting of a set of functional, structural, and aesthetic standards that include building the building, ensuring the comfort of the people afterward.


The foundations of architectural design:
1- Architectural composition:

It is the arrangement of the various parts for the construction and organization of engineering elements. The structural composition depends on:

Requirements for the building and its structural composition.

The shape depends on the architectural creativity itself and the degree of its architectural simplicity that is taken from nature.

Spatial organization, which is used to exploit spaces and separations in a distinct way.

The degree of beauty and design of the building is considered to be the last element of the architectural composition.


2- Architectural character:

Each building design has its own character, due to climatic changes and environmental factors. According to the architect who makes the design, his own style also controls the shape of the design.


3- Architectural design expression:

It is considered one of the important foundations in design, as it reflects the job and the reason for which construction was created.


* Factors affecting the construction design process:
1- Physical and physical factors. These factors are divided into three types:

Geography (the construction site – and adjacent constructions – and the nature of the land).

Climatic conditions (soil moisture – sun temperature – and ventilation).

Geology such as (soil type – soil layers).

2- Historical factors, which are divided into two types:
modern history.
Ancient History.

3- Economic factors such as investment or economic projects.

4- Human factors, divided into two types:

Religious factors in terms of (places of worship – and the privacy of homes).

Social factors in terms of (the customs and traditions that control the area where construction is taking place – the extent to which people are urbanized).

The goal of architectural design:
The ability to visualize and connect information and shapes with the surrounding environment.
The ability to solve problems and find alternatives.
Take the necessary decisions regarding the types of materials used.


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