How to build stairs
Building stairs and steps, whether they are interior in a house or between floors, or they are high or several steps short, whatever their shape, they require accurate measurements and some accurate calculations. Let us know how to build stairs on this topic.
Technically speaking, there is nothing particularly difficult about building stairs intended for a deck, balcony or shed. Anyone with basic carpentry skills can make the necessary measurements and assemble parts. However, it can be said that building stairs is the most difficult task.
The stairs must meet stringent building codes that aim to ensure safety and to climb up comfortably. Everyone is so accustomed to standardizing the stairs that are professionally built that the slightest contrast between the steps creates a huge risk. In short, long stair steps make climbing difficult. Shallow steps are uncomfortable and dangerous. So since there isn’t much room for error, building stairs requires careful planning and some calculations that can be difficult. The Engineering Design and Construction office has a major role in planning and implementing stairs according to known standards in architecture.
The stairs are structural elements that allow communication between the different floors of the building. Generally the stairs consist of:
Step steps: are horizontal supports that follow one another upward, allowing users to climb up or down the steps and move from one floor to another.
Riser: is a series of steps up or down
Landing area or resting link: It is a horizontal component that allows one or more connections between going up and down. It provides a place to rest and allows access to different areas of the stairs.
Types of stairs:
Degrees can be classified according to subjects:
- Concrete stairs
- Steel stairs
- Wooden chairs
The most common types of concrete stairs are:
Rampant Slab Drawer: Made of concrete slab, on which steps are located. Structurally it supports the starting beam slab and access package.
Knee Drawer: It is made by certain emerging rafters, called knee gates, because of its “z” the stairs can also be classified according to inclination. According to these criteria:
Pacific Stairs: Almost vertically, with steps that can be used as a steep slope condition (more than 50 degrees); for maintenance, only occasional or similar uses.
Common ladders: with a tilt angle between 20 ° and 45 °; for special uses, they usually have a greater tilt value.
Dimensions of the stairs
It is an important part of the safety of the stairs The tread size (at least 10 minutes / 25.4 cm) was determined by the average adult foot size, although it is not necessary that you be able to hold your entire foot on the base in order for the stairs to be climbed comfortable and safe .
The height of the riser (up to 7 inches / 19.7 cm) is limited to the way we go down the stairs. If you think about it, you can climb more than 7 inches very easily and you can go down more easily than 7 inches if you are toward the back. Steps are placed 12 inches / 30 cm away. But we’re going down the stairs forward, which limits the size of the riser to a much smaller size.
The maximum dimension between the handrails is 6 inch / 15.2 cm. There are many stair designs where the outer hand rail has larger or completely absent gaps.
Tread Nose: makes the tread more comfortable while climbing to the feet, should not be too long or become a stumbling block. It is not an essential part of there are plenty of stairs, especially the contemporary designs that are created without a rim.
The minimum ceiling height required for the most recent degree is 2.44 m. The closer it is to the high ceiling height the great the big limit is more ideal.
The minimum stair width is the same as the minimum circulation area width of 3ft / 0.91m
There are many different types of stairs and stairs to choose from when it comes to designing stairs. Each of these tray design options has advantages and disadvantages
Straight Stairs: This is the most obvious staircase with stairs trip as they are all one way uncomplicated and inexpensive for construction.
Clipper staircase: This switch is also called a very efficient and compact design. The stairs start until the flat landing is reached and the travel direction turns 180 degrees to continue the stairs, the landing in the middle of the stairs provides many design possibilities, perhaps for a window or area to display objects or photos or install a seat. The drop contributes to the safety of this staircase, and to the breaking of any waterfalls occurring above the landing. Note that landing is not necessarily midway, although midway configuration is the most space-efficient design.
Winder Stairs: This is a variation of the scissors key where instead of landing flat halfway up the stairs round the curve of 180 degrees. This means that the winder drawer takes up less horizontal space than the flat landing scissors drawer. There is less chance of width or seat since there is no landing on a flat surface.
From a safety perspective, the change in direction is likely to decrease, although it may be in a less comfortable way than flat landing. The winding stairs are less safe if two people meet on the stairs because one side of the stairs is narrow. This configuration usually requires one person to stop and stand still while the other is passing.
Another thing to note is that stairs that require a split (two-way transmission) of a zigzag can only accommodate a two-step zigzag.
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