Underwater architecture and design
For a long time, architectural innovation was primarily about trying to reach new heights with tall skyscrapers and massive developments. But recently, many projects have attempted to capture the depths and exchange views of that marine life. Yes, architecture and underwater design are becoming a reality. So what got architects out of the clouds and under the sea? In fact, outer space and oceans have one thing in common: a whole host of unexplored lands.
Today, underwater architecture is generally located in the world of hospitality, where luxury hotels, villas and restaurants are scattered around the world’s oceans. But, as population growth and urban development test the limits of life on Earth, the sea may provide new possibilities for tomorrow’s cities.
Several underwater attractions were built in the Maldives and Fiji, which resulted in the villas being transported from above the waters in the area to below and giving guests an opportunity to be surrounded by clear waters and tropical fish scenes. Conrad Maldives Rangali Island is home to Etha, the world’s first underwater restaurant.
But underwater design can be more than just a tourist attraction. For Under, a restaurant off the coast of Lindesnes, Norway, Ron Grasdal, the architect and project manager, says: “The initial idea to design an underwater restaurant on the southern tip of Norway came from our two client clients, Stig and Guti Obostad.” “We had never designed anything of this type, but we found the idea very interesting, especially since the building would not only be used as a restaurant, but would also play an important role as a marine research center.”
The company created a shape approximately 112 feet long with a dining room seating 40 people and located on the sea floor. The 36-foot window provides guests with a water view, which varies with the season and time of day. The building is designed to be part of its environment with a concrete façade that acts as an artificial reef. Measuring tools and cameras are installed on the outside and outside and will provide data for visiting researchers.
Although different architectural firms presented various designs that were classified as difficult on the ground, the sea presented a new level of difficulty. “The biggest challenge was to submerge the building in the ocean,” says Grasdal. “During the flooding, the building was thrown on its own and is accurately moved to its final location by a separate crane and locomotives.
The most dangerous stage is for the building to be submerged inside the water, the team filling the structure with water to make it drop to the sea floor 16 miles, and after installing it at the base the water is dried, the interior of the building mixes the Norwegian oak with the colors inspired by nature.
Indulge in underwater design. Under signs of new potential for underwater design, due to the increasing congestion of cities, the independent design provides new borders for developers and architects to explore.
Here are some of the finest marine structures in the world, along with some concepts for underwater urban centers in the future:
The World’s First Underwater Hotel Villa, Conrad Muraka villa in Maldives
It is a two-storey villa located above and below the surface of the Indian Ocean. A 600-ton acrylic structure built in Singapore provided by a Japanese aquarium manufacturer; it was transported on a dedicated vessel to the Maldives, where it was submerged and secured by concrete piles. The hotel has marine biologists on staff to ensure that the villa reduces its impact on the surrounding coral named after it.
Floating seahorse villas in Dubai may redefine luxury
The luxurious Floating Seahorse villas are located 2.5 nautical miles from Dubai, the first time that homeowners can actually purchase a plot of land in the ocean. The project is the result of over 5,000 hours of research and 13,000 hours of design and engineering; 80 villas are about to be completed. The master bedrooms are underwater, offering views of an artificial 500-square-foot reef park – a protected area designed to help restore endangered seahorses. Residents enjoy a floating bed and an observation deck over the water.
Greenhouses to revolutionize underwater farming
The Italian divers in the Ocean Reef group built the world’s first underwater greenhouses, called the Nemo Garden, off the coast of Noli, Italy. These greenhouses are part of an experiment aimed at meeting the challenge of food production for the world’s growing population with scarce water resources.
The underwater farm has six plastic pods filled with air. Within each of them, the constant temperature, humidity and high carbon dioxide concentration create near perfect conditions for growing crops like beans, strawberries, basil and lettuce. Each pod has indoor temperature, lighting and humidity sensors, carbon dioxide, and oxygen levels.
A luxurious Chinese hotel built on the side of the quarry
The InterContinental Shanghai Wonderland is an underground hotel located inside an abandoned quarry 20 miles southwest of Shanghai. Of the 18 floors of the building, 16 are underground, and the lowest two are dipped into a 33-foot aquarium. Built on the quarry side of the Sheshan Mountain Range, the hotel aims to be a home base for environmental minded travelers. In addition to the green roof, the hotel plans to generate geothermal and solar energy to supply daily functions with energy.
The spiral ocean is a futuristic city beneath the ocean’s surface
A Japanese engineering company has proposed the creation of a $ 26 billion self-sustaining underwater city called Ocean Spiral City. The design includes a tower inside a spherical capital that can accommodate homes and workplaces for up to 5,000 people and a base station that can supply the city with essential ocean-powered resources, such as energy, fresh water, and food.
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