Architecture is one of the ancient engineering arts. People knew about architecture for decades and have been using it for many years. Previously, it was only needed when someone is planning on building a house or a shelter.
But now that people are more educated, they realized that architecture is also known as the art that is concerned with the application of a set of engineering designs that depends on drawing the schematic structure to build buildings and the cultural landmarks of a place or city.
The nature of the general culture, and the prevailing heritage in the region, and may contain a group of symbols or artistic sculptures that remain evidence of the nature of architecture in each era of time.
What is the history of architecture?
The first origins of architecture go back to the beginning of humans’ existence on earth, as they sought to use the materials surrounding them in order to build a place that would provide them with a suitable living, and contribute to protection from the fluctuations of the weather, especially during summer and winter, and from exposure to natural hazards. People were keen to take advantage of the surrounding resources in order to turn them into habitable houses. Some of the most important resources are the clay, stones, and wood.
When population expands, witnessed by the succession of human ages, architecture is no longer limited to building houses or shelters, but rather includes all buildings such as markets, private shops, places of worship, security centers, public service institutions, luxurious palaces, and major museums, making architecture one of the most famous human arts that contributed to building a group of civilizations that still existed until this time.
What are the theories of architecture?
Theory #1: Ancient historical theory
The ancient historical theory is one of the first theories in architecture, proposed by the Roman engineer Vitruvius in the first century AD, which indicates that architecture depends on levels that must be applied in order for architecture to be classified as excellent, and divided into three levels; the durability of the building, the usefulness of the building (that is, to achieve the goal of its construction), and the beauty of the building.
Theory #2: Modern theory
The modern theory is a group of modern architectural concepts that appeared in the 19th century AD, which contributed to changing the external forms of buildings and inventing new ideas for building that were not used before, and this led to the emergence of modern types of buildings such as skyscrapers, and large commercial markets.
What are the types of architecture?
Type #1: Islamic architecture
Islamic architecture is the art of architecture that appeared in Arab Islamic cities founded by Muslims, and which appears in the architecture of mosques, and Islamic palaces.
Type #2: Ancient architecture
Ancient architecture is the art of architecture that began in ancient human civilizations, especially the Egyptian civilization and the civilization of Mesopotamia, and the pyramids in Egypt are considered one of the most famous ancient civilizational monuments in the world.
Theory #3: Asian architecture
Asian architecture is the art of architecture that has spread in the countries of East Asia, especially in Japan, India, and China, and it appears clearly in residential buildings that rely on a mixture of traditional construction and artistic heritage.
What are the four stages of architecture?
Stage #1: Schematic design
In this stage, architects meet with their clients to discuss project needs and goals,
and to develop an overall design of the project.
Stage #2: Design development
Once the first stage is done, architects will now start developing the design and taking care of all the details including air conditioning, electricity, etc.
Stage #3: Construction Documents
After finishing the design, architects will complete their last part of preparing the documents to allow construction to begin.
Stage #4: Construction Administration
In this last stage, the architectural design becomes a real construction project.
All in all, buildings are an extremely important part of human life. Almost all of our daily activities are in construction projects. We live, study, work, shop, seek care and spend most of our time inside these modern structures.
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