The site analysis is the process that defines the understanding of the site and related issues. You can present your site analysis through a graphical sketch. It is very significant for an architect to analyze the site of an architectural project before he starts working on it practically. The site analysis permits the architect to get the most out of it by utilizing all the resources like sunlight, climate, views, and environment in the best way. The more data and information you can accumulate from your site, the better educated you will be to create your design. The site analysis includes the climatic, historical, geographical, and social analysis of the site.
Before starting to create the design of an architectural building, it is of great importance to consider all the aspects of the site whether it is feasible for the construction of the building. It is significant to know whether the site is meeting the needs and demands of the occupants. The architect must collect all the information related to the site and the architectural design. The architects adopt different techniques and methods for site analysis according to their design, team size, and architectural project size.
Let us have a look at the several methods of site analysis and architectural design that architects adapt.
Climate plays a very significant role in planning a layout of the architectural design. The weather conditions can affect the design immensely. It includes sunlight, sun path, wind directions, flood risks, etc. The analysis of the climatic aspects of the site is significant as it has a vast impact on the architectural design of a building. Every site is different, and the climate can respond in many different ways to the architectural patterns. The environment can also affect the cost of a specific design.
- Sunlight: the sun can provide free heating and lighting system for a building. It minimizes the cost and benefits the architect.
- Sun Path: the architects have to analyze the building structure and site considering the sun directions that an architect can determine looking at the demands.
- Flood Risk: The architects look for several safety measures before designing a structure. The architect must evaluate the sites that have the danger of flood before construction and design creation.
The geographic analysis of the site includes the surroundings and location of the site. The geographical analysis is very significant to consider before designing a building in a particular area.
- Location: The architects need to analyze the particular site location, whether it is feasible for the building, occupants or not. The architects decide what materials, tools, and techniques a construction demand on the building design depending on the location.
- Surroundings: The architects need to consider the surroundings of a building, whether it is a valley or a hill station, the building is near a large city or a forest.
These things can have a massive impact on architectural designs. An architect needs to analyze the site and the design geographically.
The legal analysis of the site and design is of great importance. The architect can receive the legal information from the deed to the property. The proprietor of the title insurance company holds the property deed. Moreover, a property deed informs about the present ownership, description of the property, and the governmental jurisdictions of the location.
The architect must do the legal analysis of the site efficiently before starting to design it. The legal analysis also includes legal restrictions like tree preservation, the height of the structures, conservation areas, allowed site coverage, and heritage listings.
The social analysis of the site is also very significant. It deals with the environmental changes, circulation of vehicles, utilities, and other things. The site should be socially helpful in designing the structures for the architects. They must analyze the site and designs considering all the social aspects for betterment.
- Environment: It plays a vital role in the design process. The environmental aspects and surroundings can directly affect the design.
- Circulation of Vehicles: The architect must consider traffic flow and the movements of pedestrians in the particular area
- Utilities: The architects must consider all the services like gas supply, water supply, electricity, telephone services before designing a building. These all facilities play a vital role in the construction and for the occupants as well.
- Machine-Made Things: the architect is also responsible for considering the existing structures, availability of materials, walls, and landscaping related to the site.
The architects need to do a cultural analysis of the site, including the architectural designs, laws, social standards, traditions, and religious beliefs. Besides, it can efficiently affect architectural designs. The site analysis highly emphasizes cultural analysis because it can affect the construction plans immensely.
- Cultural Laws: The architect must consider the cultural norms that will affect the design and construction process.
- Religious Beliefs: religious beliefs are also very significant to consider for an architect. The people living in the specific areas must not be disturbed religiously by the designs.
- Norms: These are the rules generated by the people of that area. These rules are not present anywhere, but an architect must consider them before creating a design.
Conclusion of Method of Site Analysis of an architectural project
In conclusion, an excellent architect must collect all the information related to the site where he plans to construct a building. The site and the architectural design analysis make it easy for the architects to get the best results. Site analysis defines whether the particular construction of the building will be beneficial or not.
An architect evaluates different factors like cultural, geographical, social, and climatic factors for the excellent outcome of the architectural project. For outstanding results, it is significant for an architect to perform the site and architectural design analysis.
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