Best architectural design is about problem-solving. It must be good for business considering every level, from productivity to satisfaction, cost reduction to waste reduction, and efficiency to safety. You would want your factory to run smoothly like a well-oiled machine. Right? You know what, it is possible when both you and your construction team cover all the designing aspects perfectly. But don’t worry, we are here to assist you. That is why we have already explained the complete architectural design method for factories in this article. Let’s take a look at Industrial architecture!
The Site for the Factory
The ground level is a common choice for factory construction. That is slightly above the surrounding area that is well-drained. Avoid low-site locations. If it feels hard to discover a level area, then consider the least sloping. The site aligned with the contour lines will reduce the filling-in and leveling-up process.
The structure must be safe from running water by using an efficient drainage system. Also, the site must be able to accommodate this kind of system. The facility must be located near the main road to get easy access to the stocks. Likewise, it is essential to ensure that the materials used in factory construction allow smooth movement of equipment.
The Foundations & Floors of the Factory
Avoid using unstable areas and soils that have filled in due to the subsidence risk. It is essential to dig the factory foundation down to a specific point where the capacity of soil-bearing will be 150 kN/m2 or even better.
The floors should be capable of bearing the weight of heavy machinery and other equipment. Also, it should be resistant to groundwater. That is why the floors must incorporate a slab of concrete laid upon a solid core having a moisture barrier placed between both.
The Walls of the Factory
The walls must be built of stabilized bricks or breezeblocks and rendered smoothly on both sides. Also, the walls must incorporate lightweight materials like galvanized metal sheets, fiber-cement, or aluminum sheets. But remember, these materials can easily get destroyed because of the worst shielding properties and can be inclined to erosion.
A vapor-proof boundary must be added to the wall base to eliminate rising damp causing damage to the Industrial architecture. Likewise, a 1m concrete strip can be around the outside perimeter as a protection against rain.
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The Roof of the Factory
It is essential to design roof frames properly. So, you will be able to perfectly transfer the roof weight to the walls or the supporting columns when the facility is small. A portal frame of steel must be incorporated when the span is greater than 15m. Factories that are of less width than 15m might have reinforced concrete roof-frames.
The Ventilation Process
Ventilation openings are essential and will permit the daylight and fresh air to enter. Also, they will allow you to reduce the temperature in the building. Ventilators must be incorporated under the roofs and fitted externally with anti-bird grills and a 1mm mesh screen at the inner side of the factory to stop bugs.
The Doors Used in the Factory
The doors needed in a factory depend on the size of the factory. But there must be two doors at least to allow the movement of stocks on a first-in, first-out basis. Double sliding steel doors can be the option to select. However, a more advanced option will be the compact folding doors. The rail system for such doors has fine and smooth finishing, uses less energy, and ensures a long-life cycle.
Final Words about Industrial architecture
Designing a factory is a complex project. It is hard to pay attention to every single detail. But you should pay attention to ensure on-time completion and success of your project. Also, your materials, tools, equipment must be productive, efficient, accessible, and safe. The key to the success of your business is to hire the right design team for your factory project and your architectural Design Method for Factories.